Joint pain is the result of an injury or an illness like arthritis which is a common cause and a complaint that requires treatment.

Joints are the parts of your body where your bones meet. Joints allow the bones of your skeleton to move.

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Joints include:

  • shoulders;
  • hips;
  • elbows;
  • knees.

Joint pain refers to discomfort, aches, and soreness in any of the body’s joints. It doesn’t typically require a hospital visit. Sometimes, joint pain is the result of an illness or injury. Arthritis is also a common cause of joint pain. However, it can also be due to other conditions or factors.

What causes joint pain?

One of the most common causes of joint pain is arthritis. The two main forms of arthritis are osteoarthritis (OA) and rheumatoid arthritis (RA).

According to the American College of Rheumatology, OA is most common in adults over age 40. It progresses slowly and tends to affect commonly used joints like the:

  • wrists;
  • hands;
  • hips;
  • knees.

Joint pain due to OA results from a breakdown of the cartilage that serves as a cushion and shock absorber for the joints.

The second form of arthritis is RA. According to the Arthritis Foundation, RA affects about 1.5 million Americans. It more commonly affects women than men.

It can deform and debilitate the joints over time. RA causes pain, inflammation, and fluid buildup in the joints as the body’s immune system attacks the membrane that lines the joints.

Other causes

Joint pain can be caused by:

  • bursitis, or inflammation of the cushioning pads around joints;
  • lupus;
  • gout;
  • certain infectious diseases, such as mumps, influenza, and hepatitis;
  • chondromalacia of the patella, or a breakdown of the cartilage in the kneecap;
  • an injury;
  • tendinitis, or inflammation of the tendon;
  • an infection of the bone or joint;
  • overuse of a joint;
  • cancer;
  • fibromyalgia;
  • osteoporosis;
  • sarcoidosis;
  • rickets.

What are the symptoms of joint pain?

In some cases, your joint pain will require you to see our doctor. You should make an appointment if you don’t know the cause of your joint pain and are experiencing other unexplained symptoms.
You should also see a doctor if:

  • the area around the joint is swollen, red, tender, or warm to the touch;
  • the pain persists for three days or more;
  • you have a fever but no other signs of the flu.

Go to the emergency room if any of the following occurs:

  • you’ve experienced a serious injury;
  • the joint appears deformed;
  • swelling of the joint occurs suddenly;
  • the joint is completely immobile;
  • you have severe joint pain.

How is joint pain diagnosed?

A doctor will perform a physical exam. They’ll ask you a series of questions about your joint pain. This may help to narrow down the potential causes.

A joint X-ray may be necessary to identify arthritis-related joint damage.

If a doctor suspects there’s another cause, they will order a blood test to screen for certain autoimmune disorders. They may also request a sedimentation rate test to measure the level of inflammation in the body or a complete blood count.

How is joint pain treated?

Doctors consider both OA and RA to be chronic conditions. There are ways to manage the pain associated with arthritis or keep it from returning.

Home treatment methods are as follows:

  1. It may help to use topical pain relievers or take nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs to reduce pain, swelling, and inflammation.
  2. Stay physically active and follow a fitness program focusing on moderate exercise.
  3. Stretch before exercising to maintain a good range of motion in your joints.
  4. Keep your body weight within a healthy range. This will lessen stress on the joints.
  5. If your pain isn’t due to arthritis, you can try taking a nonprescription, anti-inflammatory drug, getting a massage, taking a warm bath, stretching frequently, and getting adequate rest.

Medical treatment

Your treatment options will depend on the cause of the pain. In some cases, a doctor will need to draw out accumulated fluid in the joint area to test for infection or gout, or other causes of joint pain.

Nonsurgical treatment methods include lifestyle changes or medications that can potentially cause your RA to go into remission. In the case of RA, a doctor will first address inflammation. Once the RA goes into remission, your medical treatment will focus on keeping a tight rein on your condition so that you avoid flare-ups.

What is the outlook for people with joint pain?

Joint pain is often a result of the damage that occurs through normal wear and tear. However, it can also be a sign of an infection or potentially debilitating RA.

You should see a doctor if you have any unexplained joint pain, especially if it doesn’t go away on its own after a few days. Early detection and diagnosis can allow for effective treatment of the underlying cause of your discomfort.

If you also face joint pain on a regular basis, please contact our qualified expert to ask any questions and book an appointment for further diagnostics and choosing the treatment method.